INdRA

Interior Natural Desert Reclamation and Acclimatization project

Geo-engineering Region by Region

Redefining Acts Of God

 

Development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs

geo-engineering experts since 2002, Asilomar International Conference on Climate Intervention ,  Solar radiation management, geoengineers, Marine Cloud Brightening,  ocean acidification,  stratospheric sulfate aerosols,  Carbon dioxide removal, Greenhouse gas remediation and Carbon sequestration, climate change,  runaway global warming,  Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, UNFCCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Arctic geoengineering, Carbon negative fuel, Convention on Biological Diversity, Earth systems engineering and management,

   

 

 

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Drought Mitigation & Hydrological Management Consultancy: Drought causes and solutions  v. 3.4 2015

 

geo-engineering experts since 2002, Asilomar International Conference on Climate Intervention ,  Solar radiation management, geoengineers, Marine Cloud Brightening,  ocean acidification,  stratospheric sulfate aerosols,  Carbon dioxide removal, Greenhouse gas remediation and Carbon sequestration, climate change,  runaway global warming,  Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, UNFCCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Arctic geoengineering, Carbon negative fuel, Convention on Biological Diversity, Earth systems engineering and management,
 

Program Description:

Drought is a consequence of precipitation levels and the ability of the soil or other topographical features to absorb and contain water.   Many regions have spiraled into drought through deforestation, which reduced the region's ability to absorb water, and due to the lack of absorbed water productive cloud formation is eventually inhibited.   Once productive cloud formation, clouds low enough to generate rain of sufficient magnitude to reach the surface, is affected precipitation is severely limited and insolation is increased.

This spiral has in many cases required decades or even centuries to lead to long term drought or periodic drought.  Yet, a combination of the application of best practices and in some cases extraordinary cloud farming even decadal drought conditions can be remediated.



Consultancy Overview:


The INdRA drought management program is designed to rebalance local, regional or synoptic hydrology. 

The programs are of medium or long terms, spanning 5-25 years.  The emphasis of the consultancy is to optimize the usage of local resources as well as bringing new water resources on-line from brackish sources. 

One of the guiding principles of INdRA projects is to decrease the density of energy usage.  This is in accordance with our primary hypothesis, "the Gare hypothesis",geo-engineering experts since 2002, Asilomar International Conference on Climate Intervention ,  Solar radiation management, geoengineers, Marine Cloud Brightening,  ocean acidification,  stratospheric sulfate aerosols,  Carbon dioxide removal, Greenhouse gas remediation and Carbon sequestration, climate change,  runaway global warming,  Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, UNFCCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Arctic geoengineering, Carbon negative fuel, Convention on Biological Diversity, Earth systems engineering and management, that it is the concentration of energy conversion in human and and animal cities, that is a significant factor in the rapid change in the earth's climate. 

Consequently, our management and mitigation methodologies are primarily based upon the use of waste energy such as methane, sunlight, gravity, or other potential phase shifts.

The focus is upon maintaining or enhancing  renewable ground water resources, while rebuilding non-renewable sources.

The INdRA Consultative Process:
Typical INdRA  Environmental Projects:
A Hypothetical Case Study:


 
 

Methodologies:

Hydrology Mapping:

Laser precipitation monitor (Distrometer)

geo-engineering experts since 2002, Asilomar International Conference on Climate Intervention ,  Solar radiation management, geoengineers, Marine Cloud Brightening,  ocean acidification,  stratospheric sulfate aerosols,  Carbon dioxide removal, Greenhouse gas remediation and Carbon sequestration, climate change,  runaway global warming,  Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, UNFCCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Arctic geoengineering, Carbon negative fuel, Convention on Biological Diversity, Earth systems engineering and management,


Hydrology Mapping : Program design, methods, objectives and metrics:


This program is designed to generate a dynamic catalog of local or regional water sources, categorized by salinity, flows, renewability, and hygienic state.   

Longitudinal studies of secondary and primary sources are considered for periods sufficient to incorporate the effects of sea surface temperature fluctuations such as El Niño, as well as synoptic watershed variations.  Evaporation data such as  that collected by the US National Weather Service, is also incorporated.

The objective of this data collection is to identify sources, cycles and frailties of humidity sources.  The deliverables of the program will include detailed flow maps of hydrological sources including arable and non-arable land.

This data is then used to understand wind intensity and wind flows in the region to facilitate land and water use recommendations designed to optimize wind flows.
   

Thermal Mapping:

geo-engineering experts since 2002, Asilomar International Conference on Climate Intervention ,  Solar radiation management, geoengineers, Marine Cloud Brightening,  ocean acidification,  stratospheric sulfate aerosols,  Carbon dioxide removal, Greenhouse gas remediation and Carbon sequestration, climate change,  runaway global warming,  Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, UNFCCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Arctic geoengineering, Carbon negative fuel, Convention on Biological Diversity, Earth systems engineering and management,

geo-engineering experts since 2002, Asilomar International Conference on Climate Intervention ,  Solar radiation management, geoengineers, Marine Cloud Brightening,  ocean acidification,  stratospheric sulfate aerosols,  Carbon dioxide removal, Greenhouse gas remediation and Carbon sequestration, climate change,  runaway global warming,  Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, UNFCCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Arctic geoengineering, Carbon negative fuel, Convention on Biological Diversity, Earth systems engineering and management,


Program objectives and metrics:


Secondary data is augmented with primary data sources collected by professional IR imaging professionals.  Every attempt will be made to hire local or regional professionals. Methods, such as drones or fixed wing surveys, will be selected for effectiveness and cost efficiency.

This portion of the program will deliver a sufficiently detailed longitudinal thermal picture of the area to allow an understanding of heat sources and sinks sufficient to make recommendations.

A tutorial on Infrared Thermography
   

Utilization Mapping:

geo-engineering experts since 2002, Asilomar International Conference on Climate Intervention ,  Solar radiation management, geoengineers, Marine Cloud Brightening,  ocean acidification,  stratospheric sulfate aerosols,  Carbon dioxide removal, Greenhouse gas remediation and Carbon sequestration, climate change,  runaway global warming,  Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, UNFCCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Arctic geoengineering, Carbon negative fuel, Convention on Biological Diversity, Earth systems engineering and management,

geo-engineering experts since 2002, Asilomar International Conference on Climate Intervention ,  Solar radiation management, geoengineers, Marine Cloud Brightening,  ocean acidification,  stratospheric sulfate aerosols,  Carbon dioxide removal, Greenhouse gas remediation and Carbon sequestration, climate change,  runaway global warming,  Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, UNFCCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Arctic geoengineering, Carbon negative fuel, Convention on Biological Diversity, Earth systems engineering and management,



Utilization Mapping: Program methods and objectives:

Water usage is a misnomer in that the vast majority of water is simply cycled through a usage and then returned to the environment. The change in the water volumes due to seepage or evaporation are generally zero sum. 

Yet, if the pot-ability or potential usage profile of the water is changed by usage this is viewed as off-stream usage. 

Utilization mapping methods depend upon the ultimate usage of the data. 

Off-stream usage data is applicable to both regional profiling and cross border usage analysis.  Off-stream usage includes water consumption, via changes in hygienic or water quality status, such as domestic, agricultural, or industrial usages which  change the status of the water. 

In-stream usage data, is usage that does not have a significant affect on the potable or hygienic nature of the water, such as usage by hydro-electric facilities. 

This data is most relevant for usage in determining cross border values, as although volume may not change flow intensity can be of significant importance as water flows across borders.

The primary sources of usage data, field and user surveys, are combined with secondary sources, (government , NGO, etc.) are analyzed alongside tertiary or derived sources such as agricultural production.  The deliverables are longitudinal historical analysis and usage predictions for the coming decades.
   

Legislative Guidelines:

geo-engineering experts since 2002, Asilomar International Conference on Climate Intervention ,  Solar radiation management, geoengineers, Marine Cloud Brightening,  ocean acidification,  stratospheric sulfate aerosols,  Carbon dioxide removal, Greenhouse gas remediation and Carbon sequestration, climate change,  runaway global warming,  Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, UNFCCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Arctic geoengineering, Carbon negative fuel, Convention on Biological Diversity, Earth systems engineering and management,

geo-engineering experts since 2002, Asilomar International Conference on Climate Intervention ,  Solar radiation management, geoengineers, Marine Cloud Brightening,  ocean acidification,  stratospheric sulfate aerosols,  Carbon dioxide removal, Greenhouse gas remediation and Carbon sequestration, climate change,  runaway global warming,  Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, UNFCCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Arctic geoengineering, Carbon negative fuel, Convention on Biological Diversity, Earth systems engineering and management,


This consultancy is designed to work directly with local, regional and national legislators through various agencies and commissions.

The primary deliverables from an INdRA environmental consultancy is a series of detailed reports.  These reports will include a wide range of data analysis, feasibility studies, and hard legislative recommendations.

Legislative guidelines will provide sufficient background information on important stakeholder concerns such as best practices,  efficiency and effectiveness historical information, cost estimates, time lines, community impact statements, and model legislation.

Typical recommendations include zoning laws, business development guidelines, commercial, residential and agricultural guides, and infrastructure projects.

INdRA project personnel will act in an explicitly advisory capacity for insurance and legislative purposes.  Where necessary appointments, temporary and open, will be accepted to address political or administrative requirements.
   

Project Management:

geo-engineering experts since 2002, Asilomar International Conference on Climate Intervention ,  Solar radiation management, geoengineers, Marine Cloud Brightening,  ocean acidification,  stratospheric sulfate aerosols,  Carbon dioxide removal, Greenhouse gas remediation and Carbon sequestration, climate change,  runaway global warming,  Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, UNFCCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Arctic geoengineering, Carbon negative fuel, Convention on Biological Diversity, Earth systems engineering and management,





Depending upon the nature of the challenges being addressed, INdRA staffers will employ a variety of project management techniques.  Scrum ban, benefits realization management, and Prince2 are the primary project management approaches.

Our objectives are to move projects forward with sufficient transparency that stakeholders can easily report and justify progress to their constituents.

IINdRA  will supply world class subject matter experts to weigh in at all stages of the projects implementation.  These SME's will be on contract to review important elements of any project.  Those elements of most concern are structural implementation, industrial design, resource acquisition, and standards adherence.

   

Project Implementation:

geo-engineering experts since 2002, Asilomar International Conference on Climate Intervention ,  Solar radiation management, geoengineers, Marine Cloud Brightening,  ocean acidification,  stratospheric sulfate aerosols,  Carbon dioxide removal, Greenhouse gas remediation and Carbon sequestration, climate change,  runaway global warming,  Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, UNFCCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Arctic geoengineering, Carbon negative fuel, Convention on Biological Diversity, Earth systems engineering and management,
 

Economic, environmental & social impacts of drought:

 

Economic Impacts:

Economic impacts are those impacts of drought that cost people (or businesses) money.

- Crop failure and destruction.
- Higher agricultural irrigation costs.
- Livestock operations increased water & feed costs.
- Agricultural and livestock suppliers lose business.
- Timber operations limited by wild fires.
- Marine enterprises, both commercial and recreational lose sales..
- Hydroelectric output is reduced.
- Higher power costs.
- Water supply may require expensive augmentation.
- Commercial marine traffic and costs increase.
- Higher food costs.

Environmental Impacts:

- Losses or destruction of fish and wildlife habitat.
- Lack of food and drinking water for wild animals.
- Increase in disease in wild animals.
- Wildlife migration.
- Endangered species stress.
- Lower water levels in reservoirs, lakes, and ponds.
- Loss of wetlands.
- More wildfires.
- Wind and water erosion of soils.
- Poor soil quality.

Social Impacts:

- Human emotional stress.
- Health problems related to low water flows and water quality.
- Health problems related to dust.
- Loss of human life.
- Increased wildfires.
- Reduced incomes.
- Migration to cities.
- Reduced recreational activities.