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GSE : White Paper : PEC concepts


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The PEC concept is based upon the developments, designs, and research at Gravitational Systems Engineering, Inc. USA.  All international intellectual property rights are reserved and asserted.

PEC or pressure energy conversion is a simple concept with wide implications for industry, engineering, and physics.  The PEC concept states that all change is energy, as outlined in the book "Meta-Energetics, by G.A.Henderson.


Energy is a finite irreducible quantity.  Energy is neither created nor destroyed, it can only be converted from one form to another.   When combustion occurs, energy which has been stored in a fuel is released and dissipated into the environment as heat.  Heat energy is level or degree of action.  Heat excites particles, and particle excitation is heat.   Changes in the degrees of particle action changes the frequency of particle collisions. Changes in the frequency and intensity of particles collisions, and resultant particle interactions, is perceived as expansion or contraction.  As particle collision frequencies change the energy in a system changes.  As the energy in a system changes the probability and frequency of collisions changes.  The probability of collisions is effectively the density.

We must therefore conclude that the energy is, in the case of heat, embodied in the difference between the particles.  A similar argument can be made for radiation.  As density decreases, heat or energy, is effectively converted into space or reduced proximity.  An increase of heat results in higher probabilities of collisions and results either in expansion or transfer.   The reduction of heat in a thermodynamic system, perceived generally as contraction, reduces the tendency of particles to enforce proximity,  or to reduce the The proximity of particles, based upon the fundamental nature of the particles (i.e. shell structure, and composition of the nucleus), engenders fundamental changes in the affected particles via the transfer of constituent particles such as electrons.

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